Nell'ambito del Tamayouz Excellence Award, programma che premia le migliori architetture in Iraq, viene lanciato il concorso annuale di architettura aperto a studenti e professionisti The Rifat Chadriji Prize, con il quale si chiede ai partecipanti di avanzare soluzioni per l'imminente crisi abitativa che interesserà la città di Mosul quando i quartieri attualmente sotto il dominio Daesh saranno progressivamente liberati e gli sfollati vorranno ritornare nelle loro case.
Mosul è uno dei principali centri in Iraq, secondo per estensione soltanto a Baghdad. Dal 2014 le forze Daesh hanno preso il controllo della città, causando un peggioramento delle condizioni di vita e provocando attacchi aerei da parte degli alleati che hanno danneggiato strutture per istruzione, assistenza sanitaria, servizi idrici e igienici, energia elettrica. A tutto questo si aggiunge una inevitabile crisi di alloggi che si verificherà quando i quartieri saranno progressivamente liberati, come sta già accadendo, dal dominio Daesh e gli abitanti vorranno tornare a casa propria. Dopo la conquista della città, infatti, sono stati molti gli abitanti che hanno preferito allontanarsi dalle loro abitazioni, successivamente finite in mano dei seguaci dei Daesh. Per far fronte alla richiesta pressante che si verificherà quando le previsioni diventeranno realtà, viene lanciato questo concorso, con il quale si intende progettare un prototipo di alloggio a prezzi accessibili per il post dominio Daesh a Mosul che può essere facilmente replicato. L'obiettivo è quello di aumentare la capacità abitativa della città e fornire una soluzione pratica e stimolante per i rimpatriati.
The Rifat Chadirji Prize is the newest prize to be established as part of the Tamayouz Excellence Award program of championing and celebrating the best of Iraqi architecture.
In June 2014, Daesh stunned the world by seizing Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city. Now Mosul is the last major Iraqi population center under Daesh control, with all others having already been retaken by Iraqi government forces. In October 2016 the Iraqi government launched an offensive to retake the city from Daesh — an offensive which until the time of writing this document has liberated major areas in Nineveh and the Left Bank of Mosul city.
Mosul witnessed further deterioration of conditions after Daesh occupation and allied air strikes, facilities for education, healthcare, water, sanitation, electricity, and communications services were damaged or severely restricted by Daesh. It is estimated that between 50 and 75 per cent of the city's governmental buildings are destroyed; these include public directorate, university, and public utility buildings. This will place additional burdens on stabilization, reconstruction and developmental responses in Mosul.
The threat dwells of a potential post-liberation conflict, in part due to the displacement of rightful property owners. There are qualified fears the emergence of ‘property mafias' will monopolise from the unstable situation. Such fears raise the question of rightful property ownership for individuals and communities during the early liberation period. The impending housing crisis will put further strain on the city as neighbourhoods are freed and internally displaced persons (IDP's) or refugees return home- albeit to nothing but complete desolation.
New housing provision was limited to the private sector. The housing demands of poorer members of society were mainly met in the old city of Mosul where existing buildings became cramped with families living in shared accommodation (Un-Habitat, 2016).
After 2003, informal settlements became a housing solution and a lucrative business, causing additional pressure on public utility networks and services. Before the fall of Mosul, there were no national policies in place to regularise informal settlements.
Following Daesh's takeover of Mosul, investments in the housing sector and all ongoing projects were halted. As many people abandoned the city, the vacant housing units were taken over by Daesh fighters' families and followers. To date, although the city's existing housing stock has not suffered complete physical Destruction, certainly compared to Syrian contexts the city has however suffered from a protracted lack of maintenance.
The conditions for returning refugees and internally displaced are extremely challenging. The question of how to support those who wish to return to their homeland will become extremely pressing. Limited resources in terms of finance and land mean that carefully considered material and spatial responses are needed.
Participants are asked to propose a solution for the Mosul's upcoming housing crisis, which will affect the city as more neighbourhoods will be freed and internally displaced persons and refugees will start to return.
Design a prototype for affordable housing for the post-Daesh Mosul, which can be easily replicated with the objective of increasing the capacity of housing in the city and providing a practical and inspiring solution for returnees.
Architects, students, engineers and designers are invited to participate in this prize. Participation can be on an individual or team basis (maximum of four team members). We encourage the participation of multidisciplinary teams.
REGISTRATION AND FEES
Participant must register on www.rifatchadriji.com no later than 1 September 2017.
Registration fees are the following:
- Early Registration: $50 from 02/02/2017 Until 01/06/2017
- Standard Registration: $75 from 01/06/2017 Until 01/09/2017
Participants required to submit documents specified in the brief no later than 4 September 2017 by emailing it to Tamayouz.email@example.com.
The winners of the Rifat Chadirji Prize 2017 will receive the following prizes:
- Prize Winner: $5000 + The Rifat Chadirji Trophy + Certificate
- 2nd & 3rd Prizes: $1000 Each + Certificate
- The Green Scheme - Sustainability Prize: $500 + Certificate
- 7 x Honourable Mentions: Certificate
- Top 20: Published work on our website and social media pages.
- 2 February 2017 - Official announcement of the competition and Early bird registration.
- 1 June 2017 - Start of the Standard registration.
- 1 September 2017 - Closing date for Registration.
- 4 September 2017 - Closing date for Submissions.
- 11 November 2017 - Announcement of Results.
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